Plagiarism Policy

On this Page:
Concept of Plagiarism
Errors and Formatting


Journal of Commerce and Trade follows a foolproof policy of plagiarism check through authentic software. Journal of Commerce and Trade accepts manuscript that are under or equal to 15 percent similiarity level. In this reference JCT accepts the Policy of UGC on Plagiarism. Manuscripts gaining more than 15 percent but under 20 percent plagiarism, are given one chance to correct. The manuscripts having more than 20 percent plagiarism are rejected at once. 

Concept of Plagiarism

Plagiarism is exposing another person’s thoughts or words as though they were your own, without permission, credit, or acknowledgement, or because of failing to cite the sources properly. Plagiarism can take diverse forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing the work of another. To accurately judge whether an author has plagiarized, we emphasize the following possible situations:

  • An author may duplicate another author's work verbatim, in whole or in part, without obtaining permission, acknowledging the source, or referencing the source. This technique can be detected through a comparison of the source and the manuscript/work accused of plagiarism.
  • Significant copying entails an author reproducing a substantial portion of another author's work without permission, acknowledgement, or citation. The term itself can be interpreted in terms of both quality and quantity and is frequently used in the context of intellectual property. The term "condition" refers to the copied text's relative significance in relation to the entire work.
  • Paraphrasing is the process of incorporating ideas, words, or phrases from another source into new sentences inside the text. When the author fails to properly cite or acknowledge the original work/author, this practice becomes unethical. This is the more serious type of plagiarism to be recognised.

Self Plagiarism

'Text-recycling/self plagiarism' if found is not acceptable. Text recycling/ self plagiarism includes:

1. Republishing the same paper already published elsewhere without due and full citation.
2. Publishing smaller/excerpted work form a longer and previous without due and full citations in order to show a larger number of publicatons.
3. Reusing data already used in a published work, or communicated for publication, in another work without due and full citation.
4. Breaking up a longer/larger study into smaller sections and publishing them as althogether new work without due and full citation.
5. Paraphrasing one's own previously published work without due and full citation of the original.

Errors and Formatting

Papers with consistency errors in the format and trivial errors in the language will be rejected.


In case of any query,
message or email to Chief Editor.
Updated: 25 July, 2022.